VET policies

The latest European developments in vocational education and training (VET) policies, namely the five medium-term deliverables set in 2015, in the document called ‘Riga conclusions’:

  1. Promote work-based learning in all its forms, with special attention to apprenticeships, by involving social partners, companies, chambers and VET providers, as well as by stimulating innovation and entrepreneurship.
  2. Further develop quality assurance mechanisms in VET in line with the EQAVET recommendation and, as part of quality assurance systems, establish continuous information and feedback loops in I-VET and C-VET systems based on learning outcomes.
  3. Enhance access to VET and qualifications for all through more flexible and permeable systems, notably by offering efficient and integrated guidance services and making available validation of non-formal and informal learning.
  4. Further strengthen key competences in VET curricula and provide more effective opportunities to acquire or develop those skills through I-VET and C-VET.
  5. Introduce systematic approaches to, and opportunities for, initial and continuous professional development of VET teachers, trainers and mentors in both school and work-based settings.

ReferNet is one of the sources of information for this report that is produced by Cedefop.

Este documento pretende apoiar o processo de tomada de decisão da Comissão Europeias e dos ministros responsáveis pela área de EFP, no estabelecimento das prioridades Europeias.

This publication aims at supporting the decision-making process of the European Commission and of the ministers responsible for VET in setting common priorities for VET in EU.


Developments in vocational education and training policy in 2015-19

Partners’ reports

Developments in VET policy

Developments in vocational education and training policy in 2015-17

Partners’ reports



Stronger VET for better ives

Stronger VET
for better lives

Trends in VET policy in Europe

Trends in VET policy
in Europe 2010-12

A bridge to the future

A bridge
to the future



Continuity consolidation and change

Continuity, consolidation
and change

zooming in on 2010

Zooming in
on 2010

VET key to the future

Vocational education and training
key to the future