The changing nature and role of VET in Europe

This research paper forms part of the Cedefop project “The changing nature and role of vocational education and training in Europe”.

Over a three-year period (2016-18) the project will analyse how vocationally oriented education and training has changed in the past two decades (1995-2015) and, based on these results, it will investigate the main challenges and opportunities facing the sector today and in the future.

Based on analysis of developments during the past two decades (1995-2015), the report provides important insights into the responsiveness of national VET systems, notably in relation to changes in demography, technology and the economy. Building on detailed national case studies, the report demonstrates how ‘big shocks’ (the fall of the Berlin wall, the economic crisis of 2008), national policy reforms and incremental developments over time have changed the character of this crucial part of the European education and training landscape.

Changing nature and role of vocational educationThe changing nature and role of
vocational education and training in Europe